which scientist invented the battery

Answers to which scientist invented the battery

Alessandro Volta, Italian physicist, known for his pioneering work in electricity invented the battery. Volta was born in  Italy and educated in the public schools there. By 1800 he had developed the so-called voltaic pile, a forerunner of the electric battery, which produced a steady stream of electricity. In recognition of his work in the field of electricity, the electrical unit known as the volt was named in his honor.

The first battery was invented in 1800 by Alessandro Volta. Although it was of great value for experimental purposes, its limitations made it impractical for large current drain. Later batteries, starting with John Frederic Daniell's wet cell in 1836, provided more reliable currents and were adopted by industry for use in stationary devices, particularly in telegraph networks where, in the days before electrical distribution networks, they were the only practical source of electricity.[1] These so-called wet cells used liquid electrolytes, and were thus prone to leaks and spillage if not handled correctly. Some, like the gravity cell, could only function in a certain orientation. Many used glass jars to hold their components, which made them fragile. These practical flaws made them unsuitable for portable appliances. Near the end of the 19th century, the invention of dry cell batteries, which replaced liquid electrolyte with a paste, made portable electrical devices practical.

Milestones:
1650 German physicist Otto von Guericke experimented with generating electricity
1729 The English physicist Stephen Gray discovered electrical conductivity
1752 Ben Franklin studied the properties of electricity by conducting his kite flying experiment
1780 Luigi Galvani erroneously discovers "animal electricity"
1794 Alessandro Volta believes that a chemical interaction causes electricity
1800 Alessandro Volta developed the so-called voltaic pile, a forerunner of the electric battery
1813 Sir Humphry Davy deduced that electrolysis was the action that produced electricity
1820 John Daniell invented a cell consisting of copper and zinc plates and copper and zinc sulphate
1834 Michael Faraday conducted experiments with a ferrite ring, a galvanometer, and a battery
1834 Michael Faraday developed the principle of ionic mobility in chemical reactions of batteries.
1836 John F. Daniell an English chemist, produced a cell that was not subject to polarization.
1839 William Grove developed the first fuel cell, produced energy using hydrogen and oxygen
1859 Gaston Plante invents lead acid storage battery  "wet cell"
1868 Georges Leclanche invents "single fluid electric generating battery".using zinc
1881 Emile Alphonse Faure developed batteries using a mixture of lead oxides for the positive plate
1886 German scientist, Dr. Carl Gassner Jr. invents the first "dry cell" batteries.  (US 373,064)
1886 The National Carbon Co. was founded the then Brush Electric Co. executive W. H. Lawrence
1896 First commercial battery for sale. Carbon-zinc battery by National Carbon Company
1898 National Carbon Company introduces the first D cell battery
1898 Nathan Stubblefield, combined primary and secondary electric battery (US 600,457)
1898 Conrad Hubert invents "electric hand torch" flashlight
1900 Thomas Alva Edison invents storage battery
1900 Waldemar Junger and Karl Berg invent nickel-cadmium battery (ni-cad)
1905 American Electrical Novelty & Mfg. Co renamed The American Ever Ready Company
1914 National Carbon Company buys half interest in The American Ever Ready Company
1917 National Carbon Co. merged with Union Carbide to form The Union Carbide and Carbon Co
1942 Samuel Ruben and Philip Rogers Mallory developed the mercury cell.
1949 Lew Urry developed the small alkaline battery at the Eveready Battery Company laboratory
1953 Samuel Ruben improved the alkaline manganese battery
1954 The Mallory Battery Company introduced alkaline manganese cells in a new size, the AAA.
1954 Gerald Pearson , Daryl Chapin , and Calvin Fuller invent the first solar battery or solar cell
1955 Russell S. Ohl developed a wafer of silicon that produced free electrons
1956:Eveready Battery Company develops the 9-volt battery
1956 Francis Thomas Bacon developed the hydrogen - oxygen fuel cell
1959:Eveready Battery Company introduces the first commercially available alkaline battery.
1960:Miniature silver-oxide or “button batteries” are developed for hearing aides and watches.
1960 First nickel-cadmium rechargeable battery system is developed by Waldmar Junger in Sweden.
1964 Duracell brand alkaline batteries introduced by the Mallory Battery Company
1989 The Energizer Bunny starts "going and going"
1992:The first lithium batteries are commercially available. Powerful AA-size batteries

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